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Karoline Katherine Rausch, nee Heller

Wife of interned German pork butcher

The Durham Advertiser carried this story on 25 Dec 1914:

Excitement at Easington
Pork Butcher’s Shop Bombarded

“There was an exciting scene at Easington Colliery on Friday night, when an attack was made by a number of people on a German pork butcher’s shop. The owner is interned in a detention camp, and his wife has been carrying on the business in his absence. In consequence of rumours getting about, accentuated, it is stated by the Hartlepool bombardment, the shop windows were completely smashed by stones. A considerable crowd collected, and for a time the street in which the shop is situated was almost blocked. The owner’s wife and her three children escaped by the back door, and took refuge in a neighbour’s house. The crowd was dispersed by the police, assisted by several Territorials, and the shop was afterwards boarded up.”

By looking at the Kelly’s Directory of 1914 it was possible to identify the Rausch family. Both Walter and Karoline were born in Germany but married in the South Shields registration district. Karoline Heller also appears on the 1901 census in Edinburgh. The family are not present in the 1921 edition of the directory and it is likely that they returned to Germany after the war.

The article about the attack on the butcher’s shop also appeared on a page which reported on the arrest of 42 Germans from the zinc works at Seaton Carew and an article about the release of Nicholaus Ahlers.

Civil Parish: Easington

Birth date: 1874

Armed force/civilian: Civilian

Residence: Bede Street, Eastington Colliery (1914 Kelly’s Directory)
Office Row, Shotton Colliery (1911 census)

Family: Husband: Walter Rausch, married 1907, South Shields
Children: Laura Rausch

Gender: Female

Contributed by Durham County Record Office

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